In class we looked at Cologne Cathedral and Salisbury Cathedral, focusing on inside/outside. Outside we can clearly see regional differences between the two.
Salisbury is a much more horizontal structured building which almost looks Romanesque in style. The Cathedral was built before the town was conceived and sits on a pastoral lawn. The building itself is masses more evenly with one central spire. Buttresses appear more compact and restrained and there is a great deal of stacking on the facade.
Cologne focuses on an extreme verticality. Columns are masses together on the facade drawing the eye up and up to the sky and heavens above. The cathedral was built after the town was established. Placing the cathedral in an urban environment meant less space. This contributes to tight and upright massing that we see. Flying buttresses are flamboyant and extremely tall.
These differences are based on region. Different aesthetics and specific locations shaped these buildings. The interiors are extremely similar. Both have extremely high naves and are full of light. both also have a strong sense of light. This strong sense of light is what ties all the Gothic cathedrals together and reinforces the universal concerns that were present at the time.
|The streets around the Cologne cathedral are much more urban in nature. Buildings are taller, streets are more narrow, all creating a style that mimics the verticality of the cathedral.|
|The Streets around Salisbury cathedral are wider and the building are not as tall. The entire town is more rural.|
Below is my cognative map showing how fear made most everything the church did possible.