Category Archives: interior architecture – iv -annotated bibliographies

readings:

Norfolk train station design back to drawing board:

Nolin, Jillian. Norfolk train station design back to drawing board, PilotOnline.com. February 26, 2012

This article discusses the re-design of the new Norfolk train station.  Rail service is being restored to downtown Norfolk after a 35 year absence.  The new station design was rejected by the city residents because it did not represent them, and was just another plain train station.  They would rather design the station correctly the first time and make sure it represents them in an appropriate manner.

The Future is Arriving:

Turner, Walter R.  The Future is Arriving. https://www.highpointnc.gov/cityofhighpoint/transit/docs/TheFutureisArriving.pdf

North Carolina is the subject here, specifically, the growing success of the rail program here.  Charlotte and Raleigh both have plans for transportation centers and Wilmington and Asheville are in discussions as well.  Introducing these stations pumps up the economy in the areas where they are.

Station and Support Facility Design Guidelines User Guide:

Station and Support Facility Design Guidelines User Guide: A Supplement to the Regional Transitway Guidelines. Metropolitan Council. Feb 2012

Great article that discusses all aspects of train station design from passenger comfort to necessary engineering aspects, even down to cost.  ADA accessibility is discussed and this is an excellent article that relates directly to our project.

Signage and the Amtrak Brand:

http://www.greatamericanstations.com/planning-development/signage-and-the-amtrak-brand

Amtrak puts every passenger first and their brand identity needs to signify this as well as the trains of being strong and reliable.  Brand identity and integrity are discussed here as well as the implementation of signage within communities.

Accessible Train Station Design for Disable People: A code of Practice:

Accessible Train Station Design for Disable People: A code of Practice. The Stationery Office. November 2011

This article discusses accessibility design guidelines for station design.  Not only  ADA compliance but also lighting standards, daylight illumination, evenness of light and higher luminance rates.  These aspects create a safe environment for individuals of all abilities.

 

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Readings

BART:

Jordan, Melissa, Public gets first look at detailed concepts for BART’s Fleet of the Future, Bay Area Rapid Transit. Sept 1, 2011

BART is the Bay Area Rapid Transit authority, and they enlisted BMW Group to re-design their rail cars to better serve the public.  They proposed three different subway car designs which were voted on by the public, and as expected the final car combined excellent aspects of each car into one.  Overall the train design was user centric.

A Subway Car with Fewer Doors, but More Ways Out:

Flegenheimer, Matt, A Subway Car with Fewer Doors, but More Ways Out, The New York Times. October 20, 2013

This article discusses the pros and cons of having articulated train cars rather than individual ones.  These train cars are connected from from to back, like articulated city buses.  Pros of this design allow passengers to move freely throughout the train, crowding is diminished, and the riding experience is less stressful.  Cons of this design are gangs can patrol more freely, if a passenger gets sick, the car cannot be closed or isolated, and less security.

Starbucks cars:

SBB to open Starbucks carriage, Global Rail News. Nov. 15, 2013.

Bone, Katie, Starbucks unveils its first coffee shop on wheel, Interior Design. Dec. 2, 2013

SBB, a Swiss Train operator, partnered with Starbucks to create their first coffee car.  This is a double decker train car which features a coffee bar with seating on the lower level and table service on the upper level.  Brand identity is carried through this concept with Latte colored interiors which feature leather seating, wood table and bar tops and high quality lighting, including inverted coffee cups as table lamps.

 

 

 

 

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Train Movie (s)

For the weekend we were assigned the task of watching a movie that had a train in it.  I chose to watch the Darjeeling limited.  The movie was primarily based on a train.  A few ideas that stuck out to me were:

1-  this was a full service train traveling across India.
2- compartments were dual function, daytime seating, nighttime sleeping.  The staff changed the compartments  over during dinner.
3- meals lasted a very long time and if there were 3 in your party the staff would seat a 4th at your table to fill the seats.
4- the passenger compartment had a staff apartment at one end and bathing facilities at the other.  Passengers had to travel through these more private areas to move between cars.

Darjeeling_Limited_Poster

 

I also chose to watch the hunger games after hearing everyone speak of how fantastic the train was.

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TrainsThere was not a whole lot of this movie that took place on the train.  However, they train was over top sumptuous and very memorable.  Dark colors, rich fabrics, shiny wood, all combine to make this train very luxurious.  I would very much like to ride on this train forever!!!

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Train Station and Rail Car readings

Continental Shift:

Jackson, Peter. (2013). Continental Shift. Railway Interiors, pg. 6-12

Maxime Thibault was tasked with re-creating the interiors of the rail cars for the VIA Rail Canada Line.  What sets his approach apart is that he designs for each individual car and not an archetype of car, mainly because he knows that all rail cars are different.  Part of his design process is putting himself in his users situation; such a building a mock up to wheel through in a wheel chair.  This gives him valuable insight as to how the spaces are actually used.  These cars also were designed to be environmentally responsible, durable and easily maintained.

Fast Forward:

Rail Plan. (2013). Fast Forward. Railway Interiors, pg. 64-65.

This article highlighted the design process that occurred between rail car designers and Amtrak.  The primary focus was creating cars that were ADA complaint and conducive to use by all rail passengers.  The hope is that the designs will be implemented in new cars and retrofitted into older cars.

 

Refurbishment:

Edwards, Natasha. “Interiors: Railway Interiors International: Refrubishment” no. Show Issue 2013 (n.d.): 32–42.

Refurbishing the Ouigo trains was the focus on this article.  Implementing brand standards through colors as well as already used material and a better layout allowed them to increase passenger count by 20%.  This was all done very rapidly and cost effectively.

 

Waratah:

Jackson, Peter. (2013). Continental Shift. Railway Interiors, pg.26-32

The overhaul of the Waratah train cars in Australia was long overdue.  Smart air conditioning which is roof mounted and adjusts with the number of passengers was installed.  New seats which can face either way, based on the desire of the rider and materials which resist graffiti were implemented.  Passenger load was greatly increased due to the deletion of toilets and food cars, and limiting luggage to vestibules only.  This was possible because the longest commute on the train is only 45 minutes.

 

Bridge the Gap:

Norman, Helen. (2014). Bridge The Gap. Railway Terminal World, pg. 4-7.

This article deals with the re-development of London Bridge Station.  This is a huge 9 plus billion dollar project.  The station handles upwards of 52 million passengers a year.  The new station will grant these passengers access to all platforms from one central are, much like an airplane terminal.  This station will also include a very intuitive wayfinding system which makes getting around a breeze for all the passengers.  Completion is scheduled for 2018 for this bigger and better station.

 

Focal Point:

McWilliam, Fiona. (2014). Focal Point. Railway Terminal World, pg. 8-11

The re-development of the Denver Union Station is the focal point of this article.  An original “great hall” burned in the mid 1890’s and the plan is to re-create this great hall concept.  The hall will house the waiting areas for the trains as well as buses and will include a bar and be the lobby of a new 122 room boutique hotel.  Hopes are to increase traffic from 15 thousand daily riders to two hundred thousand.

Green Line:

Jones, Lee. “Railway Terminal World: The Green Line.” UKIP Media & Events no. 2014 Showcase (n.d.): 20–25.
This is Germany’s first sustainable rail station.  It is Climate neutral and relies on geothermal heating/cooling, photovoltaic panels, and proper siting/design to achieve this status.  User comfort was also highly considered in the design of this station, which is small scale station.
Open For Business:

McWilliam, Fiona. (2014). Focal Point. Railway Terminal World, pg. 26-30

This article discusses electronic payment options and how they can be incorporated into train stations.  More and more stations are opting to provide and electronic ticketing system for passengers.  Benefits include quicker transaction, less waste, and faster customer flow.

 

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Generatig the program


Botti-Salitsky, R (2009). Generating the Program. Programming & research: skills and techniques for interior designers. New York: Fairchild Books.

 

This article deals with programming documents based around user based design principles.  Discussion deals with interviews with clients to see what works and what does not work for them.  Determining the specific areas or rooms necessary and their sizes is fundamental in generating an appropriate program for the client.  One thing to always remember is circulation space, which can be anywhere from 20-50 percent of your total square footage, which is in addition to you planned spaces.

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  • Project for Public Spaces | Collaborative, Creative Placemaking: Good Public Art Depends on Good Public Spaces

    Type Web Page
    URL http://www.pps.org/reference/collaborative-creative-placemaking-good-public-art-depends-on-good-public-spaces/
    Accessed Thu Jan 16 11:53:40 2014
    Date Added Thu Jan 16 11:53:40 2014
    Modified Thu Jan 16 11:53:40 2014

    Attachments

    • Project for Public Spaces | Collaborative, Creative Placemaking: Good Public Art Depends on Good Public Spaces

      Discusses how public art works need to take the community into context.  Works cannot be successsful if the creators are self serving.  Location also plays a big hand in works being successful.  They must be accessible by foot and appear safe and inviting if the public is going to use them.

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January 16, 2014 · 12:34 pm

annotated bibliography mural readings

  • Exploring Local Greenways: Greensboro's Artistic Twist

    Type Web Page
    URL http://wunc.org/post/exploring-local-greenways-greensboros-artistic-twist
    Accessed Tue Jan 14 21:20:16 2014
    Abstract With springtime comes the urge to get outdoors, and in a handful of North Carolina’s cities and towns, a growing network of greenways is making that easier
    Short Title Exploring Local Greenways
    Date Added Tue Jan 14 21:20:16 2014
    Modified Tue Jan 14 21:20:16 2014

    Tags:

    • Cycling
    • Greensboro
    • Greenways
    • Pedestrian Pathways

    Attachments

    • Snapshot

      Article deals with public art and mainly Green ways in cities.  Also has 4 minute video about benches in Greensboro green way and their design and production process.

  • Mural Painting

    Type Web Page
    URL http://www.goldenpaints.com/justpaint/jp10article1.php
    Accessed Tue Jan 14 21:20:45 2014
    Date Added Tue Jan 14 21:20:45 2014
    Modified Tue Jan 14 21:20:45 2014

    Attachments

    • Mural Painting

      Very in depth collection of knowledge deals with the technical aspects of mural painting.  Most noted are substrate preparation and used of different types of paints and varnishes to promote longevity.  Knowledge is provided by an artist paint company.

  • The Heidelberg Project | Open-Air Art | Art Education | Detroit

    Type Web Page
    URL http://www.heidelberg.org/
    Accessed Tue Jan 14 21:20:36 2014
    Date Added Tue Jan 14 21:20:36 2014
    Modified Tue Jan 14 21:20:36 2014

    Attachments

    • The Heidelberg Project | Open-Air Art | Art Education | Detroit

      website devoted to helping artists and community involvement/engagement.

  • Young people unveil mural at Mirfield Railway Station

    Type Web Page
    URL http://www.examiner.co.uk/news/local-news/young-people-unveil-mural-mirfield-6316586
    Accessed Tue Jan 14 21:20:01 2014
    Abstract Volunteers from the Matrix Youth Project have designed and painted a mural under the railway bridge in Station Road
    Website Title huddersfieldexaminer
    Date Added Tue Jan 14 21:20:01 2014
    Modified Tue Jan 14 21:20:01 2014

    Tags:

    • Kirklees Council
    • Mirfield
    • Network Rail
    • Northern Rail

    Attachments

    • Snapshot

      Article discusses how art and mural production can be a positive for youth and the community at the same time.

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